線上佛教字典(日本 JIS 碼)
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發信站: 由 獅子吼站 收信 (cctwin.ee.ntu.edu.tw , 信區: BudaTech)
~---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Tue, 29 Aug 1995 18:52:03 +0800 (CST)
From: David Chiou <b83050@cctwin.ee.ntu.edu.tw>
Subject: On-Line Buddhist Dictionary (fwd)

以下是一部日文佛學辭典的資訊,不過他們是用 JIS 碼的。

我將其中的三頁轉換為 BIG-5 後,附在此信的後面,
請其 JIS 原檔。(照文件看來,不像我們中國的

~---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Tue, 22 Aug 1995 15:28:19 +0900 (JST)
From: Claude Huss <claude@trc.mew.co.jp>
To: ML Shinshu <a-shinshu-forum@cctwin.ee.ntu.edu.tw>
Cc: acmuller@cctwin.ee.ntu.edu.tw
Subject: On-Line Buddhist Dictionary

Big news, Shin-Folks!!

This is a great project being developed by Prof. Charles Muller (Toyo
Gakuen, Chiba). It is a collection of an online dictionary of classical
Chinese Buddhist terms, an online classical Chinese dictionary, an
online romanized list of classical Chinese Buddhist texts and an 
online romanized list of historical Buddhist personages with 
Chinese names. 

This work is copyright free and you can freely use, copy, modify and 
distribute the code he has written for any noncommercial use provided that 
the copyright notice appears in the source files. 

Prof. Muller expects that by offering his own work this can be a starting
point for some future cooperative work with other people of different
specialties. So, if you have any compilation of Buddhist terms or would
like to add new terms in his dictionaries, please feel free to contact
him to do so.

The only inconvenient is that users need a WWW browser with Japanese
capability, otherwise it is impossible to see the Chinese characters.

Prof. Muller's site is on:


His Email is : acmuller@gol.com

Claude Huss, Network Research Engineer 
Matsushita Electric Works, Tokyo R&D Labs Network Software Group
  -- Transmitted in recycled IP Broadcast Packets over Dropped ATM cells --


接下來附上該字典的 BIG-5 轉換版本的其中三篇:

第一個: 1-5(劃?):

   Return to Radical Index
                        Dictionary of Classical Chinese
                            Radicals 1-5 一 せぜ乙

   [w] i. [p] yi. [k] il. [j] ichi. (1) One. The number one, the first.
   (2) To become one; to be the same. (3) Once. (4) For once, for a first
   time, as a first attempt. (5) All of a sudden.
   一下 [w] i-hsia. [p] yixia. [k] ilha. [j] ikka. To give one time.
   一個半個 [w] i-k'o-fan-k'o. [p] yikefanke. [k] ilgaepangae. [j]
   ichigohango. A particle; the very least.
   一切 [w] i-ch'ieh. [p] yiqie.[k] ilch'e. [j] issai. All, the whole,
   一向 [w] i-hsiang. [p] yixiang. [k] ilhyang. [j] ikko. (1) Earnestly;
   to be one-pointed, wanting nothing else besides that being attended
   to. Fervently, intently. (2) Wholly, entirely, completely. Thoroughly,
   as far as possible. (4) One-sidedly, only.
   一己 [w] i-chi. [p] yiji. [k] ilgi. [j] ikko. Only, myself. In
   Confucian philosophical works, usually refers to the fact that the
   whole universe forms a single body with oneself.
   一方 [w] i-fang. [p] yifang. [k] ilbang. [j] ippo. (1) One side, one
   hand. (2) The other side, the other party. (3) In the meantime,
   meanwhile. (4) Greatly.
   一朝 [w] i-ch'ao. [p] yichao. [k] ilcho. [j] iccho. Overnight; in a
   day. In a short time.
   一異 [w] i-i. [p] yiyi. [k] iri. [j] ichi-i. One and many; sameness
   and difference.
   一ま五   "To shoot only one of five boars"--the hunting of the jen
   man. From the 詩ま, 召南. [Moro vol. 1, p. 51c]

   [w] ting, cheng. [p] ding, zheng. [k] chong. [j] tei, cho. (1) 4th;
   counter for gems, tools, leaves or cakes of something; an even number.
   (2) Strong, flourishing. (3) A 20-year old man. (4) The fourth
   calendar sign. (5) assign, put, hit, meet. (6) A public official. (7)
   A city block.

   [w] ch'i [k] ch'il. [p] qi. [j] shichi, nana. Seven; the number seven;
   七ま [w] ch'i-ch'iao. [p] qiqiao. [k] ch'ilkyu. [j] shichikyo. The
   seven openings to the outside world (according to Chuang-tzu). Two
   ears, two eyes, two nostrils and the mouth.

   [w] shang. [p] shang. [k] sang. [j] jo. (1) Above, high place, top
   part of something; a superior (king, emperor); excellent. (2) To be
   above. (3) The one(s) above, a superior; the emperor. (4) To rise, go
   up. To climb, to go up, ascend. (5) To add, to increase. To cause to
   go up. (6) To consider superior, give high place to; to value, to
   esteem, to respect, to honor. (7) To present (to a superior). (8) The
   first of two or three parts, esp. of a book or chapter.
   上下 [w] shang-hsia. [p] shangxia. [k] sangha. [j] joka. Above and
   below, superior and inferior, up and down; about, more or less. To go
   up and come down. Raising and lowering, praising and blaming;
   modulation, fluctuation.
   上下文 [w] shang-hsa-wen. [p] shangxiawen. [k] sanghamun. [j] jokabun.
   The context.
   上首 [w] shang-shou. [p] shangshou. [k] sangsu. [j] joshu. Most
   excellent; most important. (2) The position of highest seat, or the
   person of that position. Chief, leader, guide.
   上啟 [w] shang-ch'i. [p] shangqi. [k] sanggye. [j] jokei. To address
   to the ruling court. To request to the emperor.
   上揭書 [w] shang-ch'i-shu. [p] shangqishu. [k] sanggeso. [j]
   shokeisho. "The above quoted text"; "ibid."
   上書 [w] shang-shu. [p] shangshu. [k] sangso. [j] josho. To offer
   one's opinion in writing to the emperor or high official.
   上界 [w] shang-chieh. [p] shangjie. [k] sanggye. [j] jokai. "World
   above." Where the Buddha lives. 天上界. See a Buddhist technical
   dictionary for more details.

   [w] hsia. [p] xia. [k] ha. [j] ge, ka. (1) Below, down, underneath,
   lesser, inferior. (2) To regard as lesser, inferior, etc. (3) Those
   below; inferiors. (4) The later part, the end (for example, in a
   text). The last of a series of two or three (books, chapters, etc.)
   (4) to descend, fall, condescend. To cause to go down. (5) To take
   down, to take off, lay down. (6) To issue (orders to an inferior).
   下陳 [w] hsia-chen. [p] xiazhen. [k] hajin. [j] kachin. The lower
   ranks of (female) attendants in a great household.

   [w] san. [p] san. [k] sam. [j] san. Three. The number three. Thrice;
   three times. Several times, repeatedly.
   三代 [w] san-tai. [p] sandai. [k] samdae. [j] sandai. The Three
   Dynasties: the Hsia 夏, Yin ま, and Chou 周.
   三公 [w] san-kung. [p] sangong. [k] samgong. [j] sanko. The "Three
   Princes" or three important ministers to the emperor. (1) During the
   Chou period, these were the 太師, 太傅 and 太保. (2) During the Former
   Han: 大司徒, 大司馬 and 大司空. (3) During the Latter Han and T'ang,
   太尉, 太司徒 and 太空.
   三教 [w] san-chiao. [p] sanjiao. [k] samgyo. [j] sankyo. The three
   teachings of Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism.
   三秋 [w] san-ch'iu. [p] sanqiu. [k] samch'u. [j] sanshu. (1) The three
   months of Autumn. (2) Nine months.
   三綱 [w] san-kang. [p] sangang. [k] samgang. [j] sanko. The three
   bonds of human society: those between ruler and subjects, father and
   children and between husband and wife.
   三ま [w] san-chin. [p] sanjin. [k] samjin. [j] sanjin. The "Three
   Chins." The state of Chin occupied the southern half of the modern
   province of Shansi and contiguous areas on the east and south in the
   modern provinces of Hopei and Honan. For a time it rivaled the state
   of Ch'i, and at the end of the 7th century BCE it held the hegemony.
   In the year 453 BCE it broke up into three states, from west to east:
   Han 韓, Wei ま , and Chao ま, which are referred to as the San Chin.

   [w] chang. [p] zhang. [k] chang. [j] jo. (1) A unit of length, approx.
   3.03 meters. (2) To measure land. (3) Length. (4) An elder. (5) A
   crutch or cane.
   丈夫 [w] chang-fu. [p] zhangfu. [k] changbu. [j] jobu. (1) A manly
   (brave) man. (2) A man of excellent abilities and/or character.

   [w] wan. [p] wan. [k] man. [j] man. See 140-9 ま.

   [w] wu. [p] wu. [k] ol. [j] gotsu. See 10-1

   [w] pu. [p] bu. [k] pu. [j] fu. (1) Not, do not, is not, will not,
   cannot. A negative.
   不了 [w] pu-liao. [p] buliao. [k] puryo. [j] furyo. (1) Not
   understanding, not comprehending. (2) Something not clearly expressed.
   Unmanifest. (3) Not comprehending the reason. (4) A fool.
   不及 [w] pu-chi. [p] buji. [k] pulgup. [j] fugyu. Not adequate for;
   unequal to; not reached.
   不可得 [w] pu-k'o-te. [p] bukede. [k] pulgaduk. [j] fukatoku.
   "Unobtainable," "Unknowable." That which cannot be known, no matter
   how hard one seeks.
   不可說 [w] pu-k'o-shuo. [p] bukeshuo. [k] pulgasol. [j] fukasetsu.
   Inexplicable; inexpressible in words.
   不如 [w] pu-ju. [p] buru. [k] puyo. [j] funyo. Is not as good as; it
   is better to.
   不ま [w] pu-i. [p] buyi. [k] pui. [j] fui. Endless; without cessation.
   不思議 [w] pu-ssu-i. [p] busiyi. [k] pusaui. [j] fushigi.
   Inconceivable. That which is beyond contemplation or
   conceptualization. Beyond linguistic expression.
   不ま [w] pu-ying. [p] buying. [k] purung. [j] fuo. Incorrect.
   Inapplicable. Unreasonable . 不ま [w] pu-ts'eng. [p] buceng. [k]
   puchung. [j] fuso. Has not.
   不若 [w] pu-jo. [p] buro. [k] puyak. [j] fujaku. To be not as good as,
   to be inferior to.
   不豫 [w] pu-yu. [p] buyu. [k] puye. [j] fuyo. Ill at ease, unwell,
   sick, uncomfortable, troubled, anxious.

   [w] ch'ou. [p] chou. [k] ch'uk. [j] chu. (1) The Ox; the 2nd zodiacal
   sign (of the twelve earth branches). (2) The hour of the Ox; 2 a.m.

   [w] kai. [p] gai. [k] kal, kae. [j] gai, kai. (1) To ask, request,
   invite, beg. (2) To give, award, bestow, grant. (3) Beggar, begging.
      [w] mien. [p] mian. [k] myon. [j] ben, men. (1) To cover, hide,
   conceal. Be invisible. (2) A rough-woven (bamboo) fence. SGK 24c

   [w] ping. [p] bing. [k] pyong. [j] hei. (1) The third of the cycle of
   ten celestial stems (t'ien-kan 天干) ten calendar signs. (2) "Third"
   or "C " (3) South. (4) Fire. (5) Clear, bright. (6) Strong, great.

   [w] ch'iu. [p] qiu. [k] ku. [j] kyu. A hillock; Confucius' personal
   丘陵 [w] ch'iu-ling. [p] qiuling. [k] kurung. [j] kyuryo. A hillock, a

   [w] ch'ieh. [p] qie. [k] ch'a, cho. [j] sha, sho. (1) And, also, but
   also. (2) Moreover, however. (3) Be about to; on the point of.

   [w] shih. [p] shi. [k] se. [j] sei, se. (1) A world; the world. (2) A
   generation, an age, an epoch; the people of the present generation.
   (3) Hereditary. (4) Be in the world; mundane, secular. (5) In
   Buddhism, the three worlds of past, present and future.
   世俗 [w] shih-su. [p] shisu. [k] sesok. [j] seizoku. The custom(s) of
   the present generation (time); the fashion. Average people of the
   present generation.
   世家 [w] shih-chia. [p] shijia. [k] sega. [j] seika. A family that
   holds high position for many generations. The term is used (in the
   sense of Princely House) in the titles of chapters 31-60 of the Shih
   世間 [w] shih-chien. [p] shijian. [k] segan. [j] seken. 'Secular
   world.' The ideograph 世 means 'transient,' while the ideograph 間
   means 'within.' The people of the world; this world; sentient beings.
   The customs of the secular world.

   [w] p'i. [p] pi. [k] pi. [j] hi. (1) Great, distinguished. (2) To
   receive. (3) Beginning, origin. (4) Austere, grave, solemn, stern.

   [w] ch'eng. [p] cheng. [k] sung. [j] sho. (1) Assist, help. (2) To
   receive help. (3) A chief minister.

Radical 2


   [w] ko. [p] ge. [k] ka. [j] ka. (1) Individual. (2) A general counter
   for those things which have no specific counter (個, 箇). (3) A small

   [w] chung. [p] zhong. [k] chung. [j] chu. (1) Center, middle. (2) In,
   inside, within, internal. In the middle; the one in the middle. (3)
   The second of three parts, esp. of a book or chapter. (4) Among. (5)
   In East Asian philosophy, the "middle way [中道]," referring to the
   avoidance of extremes in thought or emotion. Thus, the correct way.
   (6) To be, or to become "centered," physically, mentally and/or
   中山 [w] Chung-shan. [p] Zhongshan. [k] Chungsan. [j] Chusan. The name
   of a feudal state in the Chou period.
   中源 [w] chung-yuan. [p] zhongyuan. [k] chungwon. [j] chugen. (1) The
   Central Plain of China--the great northern plain through which the
   Yellow River flows. (2) The central plain of Korea.
   中庸 [w] Chung-yung. [p] Zhongyong. [k] Chungyong. [j] Chuyo. (1)
   Usually rendered into English as the "Doctrine of the Mean."
   Originally a chapter in the Li chi ま記 (Record of Rites), it was
   selected by Chu Hsi 朱ま (1130-1200) to be one of the "Four Books" for
   Confucian Study. This work discusses human nature, which is endowed by
   heaven, and is revealed through the states of equilibrium and harmony,
   which are themselves the "condition of the world," and the "universal
   path." The profound discussion of these subjects in this book made it
   attractive to Buddhists and Taoists, as well as Confucian scholars.
   Also see the ideograph 庸 (53-8).
   中興 [w] chung-hsing. [p] zhongxing. [k] chunghung. [j] chuko. A
   revival; to flourish again.

   [w] ch'uan. [p] chuan. [k] kwan, ch'on. [j] kan. (1) Get used to;
   become accustomed to. (2) To dig, bore, drill. Pierce through,
   penetrate. (3) A string, a thread. (4) A bill; a note.
Radical 3  せ


   [w] wan. [p] wan. [k] hwan. [j] gan. (1) Pills. (2) Round, complete,
   perfect, full. (3) Make round, round off.

   [w] tan. [p] dan. [k] tan. [j] tan. (1) Cinnabar. (2) In Chinese
   (Taoist) alchemy, "cinnabar" refers to elixir. It is one of the three
   fields of advancement in the practice of spiritual alchemy.

   [w] chu. [p] zhu. [k] chu. [j] shu. (1) Lord, master, owner, host. A
   ruler; to act as lord. (2) To value, to place importance on.
   主上 [w] chu-shang. [p] zhushang. [k] chusang. [j] shujo. Emperor,
   ruler, lord.
   主半 [w] chupan. [p] zhuban. [k] chupan. [j] shuban. (1) Chief and
   attendant; principal and secondary, host and guest. (2) The Buddha and
   his bodhisattvas.
   主宰 [w] chu-tsai. [p] zhuzai. [k] chujae. [j] shusai. Supervisor,
   chairman, director, controller. Supervision, management.
   主文 [w] chu-wen. [p] zhuwen. [k] chumun. [j] shubun. A supervisor of
   the ancient high-level civil service examinations. Same as 主司.
   主義 [w] chu-i. [p] zhuyi. [k] chuui. [j] shugi. An ideology, a
   theory, a doctrine; an "-ism."
Radical 4   ぜ


   [w] nai. [p] nai. [k] nae. [j] nai, dai. (1) Then, so, then,
   thereupon, consequently, whereupon, accordingly (shows that the event
   expressed in the head clause follows in time that expressed in the
   adjunct clause and usually implies that the second event is a result
   or consequence of the first). (2) When the events that follow are
   incompatible with those expressed by the adjunct clause, nai has
   adversative force and can be translated "then however," or "but even.
   (3) Stressing the identification of the subject with the nominal
   predicate in distinction from other possibilities: indeed, really,
   actually, is in fact, is none other then. (4) Your.

   [w] chiu. [p] jiu. [k] ku. [j] kyu. (1) Length of time; for a long
   time; to last a long time. (2) A long continuum.
   久視 [w] chiu-shih. [p] jiushi. [k] kusi. [j] kyushi. Long life;

   [w] jen. [p] ren. [k] im. [j] jin/nin. See 33-1.

   [w] yao. [p] yao. [k] yo. [j] yo. See 37-1.

   [w] chih. [p] zhi. [k] chi. [j] shi. (1) Of. A possessive particle. In
   modern Chinese, 的; in Korean ui, in Japanese, no. (2) Personal
   pronoun: he, she, it, this, that, these. (3) To arrive at; to go to.
   (4) In regard to; syn. with 於.

   [w] cha. [p] zha. [k] sa. [j] sa. (1) Quickly, hurriedly. (2)
   Suddenly, unexpectedly. (2) At first; for the first time.

   [w] fa. [p] fa. [k] p'ip. [j] bo. (1) Lacking; to be in want, not
   enough; in vain. (2) To throw away. (3) To tire, become weary.

   [w] hu. [p] hu. [k] ho. [j] ko. (1) An interrogative, a question mark.
   (?). (2) Preposition: in, at, on, from, in regard to. [於, 于]. (3)
   Exclamatory particle; expletive.

   [w] chu. [p] zhu. [k] chu. [j] shu. See 75-2.

   [w] ch'ui. [k] su. [p] chui. [j] sui. see 32-5

   [w] ping. [p] bing. [k] pyong. [j] hei. See 115-3.

   [w] kuai. [p] guai. [k] koe. [j] kai, ke. (1) To return. [戾] (2)
   Oppose, face, disagree with; be disparate from. [差, 離] (3) Evil,
   twisted. Mean, nasty, evil, wicked. [邪]

   [w] chung. [p] zhong. [k] chung. [j] cho, ju. See 166-2
乘 (乘)

   [w] ch'eng. [p] cheng. [k] sung. [j] jo. (1) To avail oneself of; to
   ascend; to ride. (2) to multiply. (3) A team of four horses. (4) A
   counter for vehicles. (5) Cart, vehicle (). (6) Annals, history,
Radical 5  乙


   [w] i. [p] yi. [k] ul. [j] otsu, itsu. (1) Second calendar sign. (2)
   "B," the second, the latter. (3) A low sound or tone.

   [w] chiu. [p] jiu. [k] ku. [j] kyu, ku. (1) Nine; the number nine;
   nine times. (2) To collect.
   九卿 [w] chiu-ch'ing. [p] jiuqing. [k] kugyong. [j] kyukei. The nine
   officials of the Chinese imperial government. Their titles differ
   according to the dynastic period.
   九夏 [w] chiu-hsia. [p] jiuxia. [k] kuha. [j] kyuka. (1) The ninety
   days of summer. (2) During the Chou period, the five kinds of musical
   instruments used in the court.
   九州 [w] chiu-chou. [p] jiuzhou. [k] kuchu. [j] kyushu. The Nine
   Provinces. Early legends depict China as divided into nine provinces;
   thus this term comes to refer to the whole country.
   九泉 [w] chiu-ch'uan. [p] jiuquan. [k] kuch'on. [j] kyusen. The Nine
   Springs, the nether regions where the lower, more material souls of
   the dead reside. Sometimes called the Huang Ch'uan, the Yellow
   九 [w] chiu-kao. [p] jiugao. [k] kugo. [j] kyuko. (1) The "nine
   marshes" -hell, the underworld. (2) A deep swamp; a deep marshland. A
   metaphor for a deep, distant place.
   九虒V [p] jiugaoqin. [k] kugogum. [j] kyukokin. "A crane in a deep
   marsh." From the Book of Odes. [Morohashi I, p. 360D].
   九ま [w] chiu-ch'ou. [p] jiuchou. [k] kuchu. [j] kyuchu. Nine sets of
   great laws for governing the world: 五行, 五事, 八政, 五紀, 皇極,
   三德, 稽疑, 庶徵 and 五福. Chi-tzu 箕子 named these in answer to the
   question by 武王 of the Chou.

   [w] ch'i. [p] qi. [k] kol. [j] kitsu. To pray for; to beg for. To beg
   for alms.

   [w] yeh. [p] ye. [k] ya. [j] ya. (1) An initial particle; and, even,
   also, besides, still. (2) A final particle, sometimes coupled with
   other particles for intensity. (3) In the middle of sentences, it
   often appears at the conjunction of correlated clauses, indicating a
   pause for emphasis.

   [w] ju. [p] ru. [k] yu. [j] nyu. (1) Breasts. (2) To suckle. (3)
   Breasts, nipples. (4) Young, sucklings. (5) To raise, take care of.
   (6) Parents.

   [w] kan, ch'ien. [p] gan, qian. [k] kan, kon. [j] kan, ken. (1) Dry,
   dried up, dry up. (2) Clear, exhausted. (3) In name only. (4) Sky,
   heaven. (5) Prince, ruler, emperor. (6) The NW direction. (7) The
   first hexagram (pure yang). (8) Strong, powerful.
亂 (亂)

   [w] luan. [p] luan. [k] ran. [j] ran. (1) To cause disorder; to
   disarrange. (2) To be disorderly, confused, reckless. Disorder,
   disturbance, agitation; revolution. (3) Disordered, disturbed,
   agitated, confused, haphazard. (4) A scattered mind. The opposite of
   concentration or samadhi [定].

第二篇: 6-10(劃?)

   Return to Radical Index
                        Dictionary of Classical Chinese
                         Radicals 6-10 そ 二 ぞ 人 ま
Radical 6  そ


   [w] chueh, kou. [p] jue. [k] kwol. [j] ketsu. (1) The shape of hook
   that bends just above the bottom. (2) A hook or barb. (3) To mark off.
   了 [w] liao. [p] liao. [k] ryo. [j] ryo. (1) To acknowledge, to
   cognize, to understand, to know. (2) Opinion, view. (3) To awaken to,
   to apprehend. (4) Finish, complete, get through with. At length,
   finally, in the end.
   了義 [w] liao-i. [p] liaoyi. [k] ryoui. [j] ryogi. A clear matter or
   principle, that whose meaning is clearly understood. A fully explained
   了達 [w] liao-ta. [p] liaoda. [k] ryotal. [j] ryodatsu. (1) Awakening,
   enlightenment. (2) To put to an end; finish, complete, do away with.

   [w] yu. [p] yu. [k] yo. [j] yo. (1) I, me. (2) To grant, to confer.
   (3) Previously, already.

   [w] shih. [p] shi. [k] sa. [j] ji. (1) To serve; to do things for (a
   superior). (2) Service, occupation. An affair, a matter, an activity,
   an undertaking, business. (2) To serve (a superior). The graphs 史,
   吏, 使, and 事 are variants of a single early form in which a hand is
   holding some object. Therefore the words are related in meaning and
   sound. Matter, affair, manifest phenomena; concrete.
   事情 [w] shih-ch'ing. [p] shiqing. [k] sajong. [j] jijo. The way it
   is; the truth; the order of things; the progress of the situation.
Radical 7  二


   [w] erh. [p] er. [k] i. [j] ni. Two, second. Twice.

   [w] yu. [p] yu. [k] u. [j] u. (1) Here. (2) In, at, on, from, to (於,
   乎), concerning. (3) To go. (4) To do, to undertake.
   于于 [w] yuyu. [p] yuyu. [k] u-u. [j] u-u. (1) Complete ignorance. (2)
   Full satisfaction; completion. (3) To nap; to doze. (4) Much suffering
   and toil.

   [w] yuan. [p] yuan. [k] won. [j] gen. See 10-2

   [w] ching. [p] jing. [k] chong. [j] sei/sho. (1) A well. A regular
   division of a piece of arable land into nine equal parts. (2)
   Marketplace, town. (3) The name of a particular star. (4) I-Ching
   hexagram number forty-eight: "the Well."
   井井 [w] ching-ching. [p] jingjing. [k] chongjong. [j] seisei.
   Orderly, systematic, regular. shad394

   [w] yun. [p] yun. [k] un. [j] un. (1) To say, says, said. He said. .
   .; generally used to introduce a quotation within direct discourse.
   (2) It is said . . ., we may say . . . [ま, 言]
   云云 [w] yunyun. [p] yunyun. [k] unun. [j] unun. (1) And so forth. . .
   Marks the end of a citation.
   云何 [p] yunhe. [k] unha. [j] unga. Why is it? Why (what) do you
   think? This form is usually used by a person of higher status
   directing a question at a person of lower status.
   云爾 [w] yun-erh. [p] yuner. [k] un'i. [j] unji. " . . . as stated
   above . . ."

   [w] hu. [p] hu. [k] o. [j] go. Mutually, together, each other.

   [w] wu. [p] wu. [k] o. [j] go. The number five.
   五倫 [w] wu-lun. [p] wulun. [k] oryun. [j] gorin. The five
   relationships. Between: prince and minister, father and son, husband
   and wife, siblings, friends.
   五內 [p] wunei. [k] o-ne [j] gonai. See 五ま.
   五代 [w] wu-tai. [p] wudai. [k] odae. [j] godai. The Five Dynasties.
   The period 907-960 when five abortive attempts were made to set up a
   successor state to the T'ang empire in north China. Stability was
   finally achieved with the establishment of the Sung empire in 960.
   五常 [w] wu-ch'ang. [p] wuchang. [k] osang. [j] gojo. The five
   constants in human relationships (Confucianism): jen (仁), i (義), li
   (ま), chih (智) and hsin (信). (2) Also see 五倫.
   五教 [w] wu-chiao. [p] wujiao. [k] okyo. [j] gokyo. "Five Teachings"
   In Confucianism, five ways of proper interaction in human
   relationships: righteousness 義, compassion 慈, friendship 友, respect
   恭, and filial piety 孝.
   五ま [w] wu-ching. [p] wujing. [k] ogyong. [j] gokyo. A group of
   canonical books, the Five Classics. This canon was authorized by the
   emperor in 51 BCE and included the Book of Poems 詩ま, the Book of
   Documents 書ま, the Book of Changes 易ま, the Spring and Autumn Annals
   春秋, and the Record of Ritual ま記.
   五ま [w] wu-tsang. [p] wucang. [k] ojang. [j] gozo. The five viscera.
   The heart, lungs, liver, kidneys and stomach. Also called the 五內 .
   五ま [w] wutsang. [p] wucang. [k] ojang. [j] gozo. See 五ま.
   五福 [w] wu-fu. [p] wufu. [k] obok. [j] gofuku. Five blessings: to
   live a long life; to have wealth; not to suffer from sickness or
   calamity; to enjoy morality; to fulfill one's destiny.
   五ま [w] wu-t'i. [p] wuti. [k] och'e. [j] gotai. 'Five parts of the
   body.' Two knees, two elbows, and the head. (2) The whole body.

   [w] keng. [p] gen. [k] kung. [j] ko. (1) To extend, to spread. (2)
   Universally. (3) To cross over, pass through. (5) Length. An extreme
   limit. (2) To range, reach, extend, last, cover, be spread over. (3)
   To fill. (5) Connected.
   亙古 [w] keng-ku. [p] genggu. [k] kunggo. [j] koko. From ancient times
   to the present. An eternity.

   [w] hsuan. [p] xuan. [k] son, hwan. [j] sen, kan/zen, gan. (1) [son,
   sen] To seek, ask for, call for, request, demand. (2) To spread, lay
   out, cover, display. (3) [hwan, kan] Brave.
亞 (亞)

   [w] ya. [p] ya. [k] a. [j] a. (1) The next; the second. (2) Inferior,
   secondary. (3) Term of address between sons-in-law of a family. (4) A
   transliteration of foreign "ah" sounds. (5) Asia.
   亞聖 [w] ya-sheng. [p] yasheng. [k] asong. [j] asei. "Sages of the
   second level," or "not quite sages," "worthies." A term referring to
   men such as Mencius and Yen-hui who were thought to be excellent, but
   not quite at the level of sagehood.

   [w] chi. [p] ji. [k] kuk, kui. [j] kyoku, ki. (1) Rapid, speedy,
   prompt, quick, fast. (2) Busy, hurried, restless, flurried. (3) To
   end, terminate. Be at extremes, in a dilemma. (4) Often, repeatedly.
   (5) Revise, renew, renovate.
Radical 8    ぞ


   [w] t'ou. [p] tou. [k] tu. [j] to. Meaning unclear.

   [w] wang. [p] wang. [k] mang. [j] mo. To kill, to destroy, to lose, to
   do away with. To die. To be non-existent. [無]
   亡走 [w] wang-tsou. [p] wangzou. [k] mangju. [j] moso. To run away.

   [w] k'ang. [p] kang. [k] hang. [j] ko. (1) High spirits. (2) The
   throat or neck. (3) Overbearing, violent, strong. (4) to oppose, to
   attack. (5) High; to climb up.

   [w] liu. [p] liu. [k] yuk. [j] roku. See 12-2

   [p] jiao. [w] chiao. [k] kyo. [j] ko. (1) Intercourse; to join, to
   intertwine; to associate; to mingle with. Adjoining, to engage; to
   cross, to interlock; to have relations with. To communicate. (2) To
   exchange, to bargain, to barter. (3) To commit to; to hand to. (4)
   交徹[p] jiaoche. [k] kyoch'ol. [j] kyotetsu. Interfusion,

   [w] i. [p] yi. [k] yok. [j] yaku. (1) Also, and, too, besides,
   likewise, further, moreover. (2) Indeed, truly. At the beginning of a
   sentence it often serves as an auxiliary word which is difficult to
   render into English.

   [w] hai. [p] hai. [k] hae. [j] kai, gai. (1) The 12th zodiac sign. The
   hog. (2) 9-11 p.m. (3) North-northwest.

   [w] heng. [p] heng. [k] hyong. [j] ko. To pass through; to penetrate,
   permeate. [p] xiang. [w] hsiang. [k] hyang. [j] kyo. To advance, to
   persevere, to be successful. [p] peng. [w] p'eng. [k] p'eng. [j] ho.
   To cook, to boil.

   [w] hsiang. [p] xiang. [k] hyang. [j] kyo. (1) To receive, to enjoy.
   (2) To present offerings in a sacrifice; to accept a sacrificial

   [w] ching. [p] jing. [k] kyong. [j] kyo. (1) Metropolis, capital. (2)
   A hill. (3) Large, great, flourishing.
   京畿 [w] ching-chi. [p] jingji. [k] kyonggi [j] kyoki. The area close
   to the capital. The capital.

   [w] t'ing. [p] ting. [k] chong. [j] tei. (1) To settle; form a
   settlement. (2) A settlement; an administrative district. In the Han
   and Ch'in dynasties, 10 li 里formed a t'ing 亭 and 10 t'ing formed a
   hsiang 鄉. (3) A traveler's rest-station; a stopping-over place. An
   inn. (4) To stay overnight; to stop.
   亭長 [w] t'ing-chang. [p] tingzhang. [k] chongjang. [j] teicho. A
   local official in the Ch'in-Han period responsible for public safety
   in a t'ing.

   [w] liang. [p] liang. [k] yang. [j] ryo. (1) Really, truly, honestly.
   (2) clear, bright, evident. (3) To help, to aid.

   [w] shuai. [p] shuai. [k] su. [j] sotsu. See 95-6.

   [w] hao. [p] hao. [k] ho. [j] go. See 82-7.

   [w] yung. [p] yong. [k] ong. [j] yo. See 172-5.

   [w] tan, shan. [p] dan, shan. [k] tan. [j] tan, sen (1) True, truly;
   sincerely. (2) Carefully, caring. (3) But, however. (4) Often,

   [w] hao. [p] hao. [k] ho. [j] go. See 152-7.

   [w] pao. [p] bao. [k] p'o. [j] ho. See 145-9.

   [w] chi. [p] ji. [k] ki. [j] ki. (1) To hope, desire, wish. [望, 願,
   欲]. (2) The name of an ancient Chinese state.
     [w] wei. [p] wei. [k] mi, mun. [j] bi, mi. (1) To work
   relentlessly without faltering. [勉] (2) To advance. (3) A water-gate.
   [] (4) Beautiful. [美] SGK 52c.
Radical 9  人


   [w] jen. [p] ren. [k] in. [j] nin, jin. A person; human being. Other
   人倫 [w] jen-lun. [p] renlun. [k] inyun. [j] jinrin. (1) Proper human
   morality. (2) Proper human relationships. (3) Human being; person. (4)
   A blood relative.
   人物 [w] jen-wu. [p] renwu. [k] immul. [j] ninbutsu. Human figures.

   [w] ko. [p] ge. [k] ka. [j] ka. See 2-2.

   [w] jeng. [p] reng. [k] ing. [j] nyo. (1) Depend upon, accord with, be
   concomitant with. (2) Lean on, rely on, depend upon. (3) Furthermore,
   after all. As, before. (4) Still, yet, again, repeatedly,
   continuously. (5) Thus, thereupon, therefore.

   [w] jen. [p] ren. [k] in. [j] jin. (1) Humane, kind, considerate;
   having the attitude toward othters which distinguishes a civilized
   gentleman from a beast, barbarian or rascal. (2) Consideration for
   others--altruism. Goodness, kindness, compassion, benevolence,
   humaneness, humanity, innate human goodness. (3) The basic way of
   being a human being. (4) That from which all good human qualities
   come. (5) A person of great virtue. (6) The essence of the heart/mind
   [心] of man.

   [w] ch'ou. [p] chou. [k] ku. [j] kyu. (1) Mate. (2) Enemy. (3) To
   regard as an enemy; to make an enemy.

   [w] shih. [p] shi, shen. [k] sip. [j] ju. Ten. The number ten [十].
   什ま [w] shen-mo. [p] shenme. [k] simma. [j] juma. A question marker.
   How? Why? Which (one)?

   [w] tse. [p] ze. [k] ch'uk. [j] soku. (1) To incline toward; to lean;
   slanting. (2) Nearby, to the side. (3) Other, another.

   [w] fu, p'u. [p] fu, pu. [k] pu. [j] fu, hoku. To fall prostrate (to
   the ground).

   [w] chin. [p] jin. [k] kum. [j] kin, kon. (1) Now, the present. Right
   now, at present. (3) Soon, next. (3) This world, the present world.
   The present situation. The case under discussion.

   [w] chieh. [p] jie. [k] kae. [j] kai. (1) Get between; to introduce,
   bring together. [仲媒] (2) To help, aid, assist. [助]. (3) Single,
   alone, solitary. (4) To part, separate, set apart. [分, 隔] (5) To
   depend upon, to be caused by. [因] (6) Armor. [甲] (7) To wear armor.
   (8) A shelled (armoured) animal; the shell of such an animal. Hard and
   strong. [堅確] (9) Large, great; to enlarge, to greaten. [大] (10)
   Small. (11) Dirt, rubbish, trash, filth. [芥] (12) Neighborhood,
   vicinity. [側, ま] (13) Side, edge, margin. [際] (14) To bind, to
   attach. [繫] (15) A prince. [王子] (16) A minister. [使臣]

   [w] t'a, t'o. [p] ta, tuo. [k] t'a. [j] ta. (1) Other; another. (2)
   Him, her.
   他事 [w] t'a-shih. [p] tashi. [k] t'asa. [j] taji. (1) Other matters;
   other people's affairs. (2) The activities of other things.

   [w] jen. [p] ren. [k] in. [j] jin. (1) A Chou dynasty measurement of
   length, about 8 feet. (2) To measure, to fathom. (3) Deep. (4) High.
   (5) Fulfilled, complete.

   [w] ling. [p] ling. [k] ryong, yong. [j] rei. (1) To command, to tell,
   to order. (2) To cause; to allow; to let. (3) Rules, orders (from the
   emperor); an order. (4) Good, honorable--a term of respect. (5) A
   district magistrate. (6) A season. (7) Pretending goodness;
   insinuating. (8) The bark of a dog. (9) Temporary, provisional.
   令ま [w] ling-yin. [p] lingyin. [k] yongyun. [j] rei-in. The Chief
   minister of a certain region. A prime minister.
   令聞 [w] ling-wen. [p] lingwen. [k] yongmun. A good reputation.

   [w] fu. [p] fu. [k] pu. [j] fu. (1) To attach; be attached to. Join,
   stick, fasten, connect, be connected. (2) Give to, submit to. (3) Hand
   over, give over. (4) Depend upon, rely upon. [託] (5) In reference to;
   concerning. [ま]
   付ま [w] fuchu. [p] fuzhu. [k] puch'ok. [j] fuzoku. (1) To address
   another person, making a request of them. Ask, beg, request, solicit.
   (2) To commit to, to submit to; to entrust with, count on; rely on.
   (3) To order, or request someone to do something.

   [w] i. [p] yi. [k] i. [j] i. (1) By means of. By, through, with. (2)
   Because, therefore, on account of. (3) In order to; so as to. (4)
   According to. (5) To take, to use; to use as, to regard as. To think,
   to consider. In this sense, often used with .
   以故 [w] yi-ku. [p] yigu. [i] igo. [j] iko. For this reason, therefore
   (before the subject of a head clause, linking the clauses loosely).
   以ま [w] i-wei. [p] yiwei. [k] i-wi. [j] i-i. (1) To take as, to
   regard as, to consider. (2) So as to, in order to.

   [w] tai. [p] dai. [k] tae. [j] tai, dai. (1) A substitute; in place
   of; for, instead of. To alternate. (2) A generation, a dynasty. (3)
   Successively, repeatedly.
   代表 [w] tai-piao. [p] daibiao. [k] taep'yo. [j] daihyo. To take the
   place of someone, or some people, and express their thought--a
   代謝 [w] tai-hsieh. [p] daixie. [k] taesa. [j] taisha. To exchange the
   old for the new. To supersede; transition.

   [w] hsien. [p] xian. [k] son. [j] sen. (1) A mountain man; hermit,
   recluse. (2) A Taoist sage, living in the lofty mountains, away from
   the secular world.
   仙人 [w] hsien-jen. [p] xianren. [k] son'in. [j] sennin. A mountain
   sage of the Taoist tradition; a Taoist "immortal," usually said to
   have conquered the process of aging and to be in possession of various
   spiritual powers.
   仙駕 [w] hsien-chia. [p] xianjia. [k] son'ga. [j] senga. The chariot
   or wagon ridden by a Taoist immortal; or ridden by a king.

   [w] tzu, tsai. [p] zi, cai. [k] cha.. [j] shi. (1) To bear, endure,
   handle. [任] (2) To overcome, succeed. [克]. (3) Small, detailed,
   exact, fine. [細] (4) A child. [子]
   仔細 [w] tzu-hsi. [p] zixi. [k] cha-se. [j] shisai. Detailed, exact,

   [w] shih. [p] shi. [k] sa. [j] shi. To fill an office. To serve in a
   particular job. Be a civil servant.

   [w] chang. [p] zhang. [k] chang. [j] jo. (1) Weapon. (2) Halberd,
   sword. (3) To rely on; to trust.
      [w] erh. [p] er. [k] i. [j] ji, ni. See 42-2. SGK 333c

   [w] chia. [p] jia. [k] ka. [j] ka, ke. See 9-9 假.

   [w] chien. [p] jian. [k] kon. [j] ken. (1) To divide; distinguish. (2)
   Affair, matter, situation.

   [w] hsiu. [p] xiu. [k] hyu. [j] kyu. (1) Relax, rest, pause, take a
   break, take a vacation. To nap. (2) To make somebody rest, relax, etc.
   (3) To stop, put a stop to. Cease, desist. (4) To resign. (5) To
   separate from. To divorce. (6) Blessings, prosperity, good fortune.
   休命 [w] hsiu-ming. [p] xiuming. [k] hyumyong. [j] kyumei. (1) Good
   fate as decreed by Heaven. (2) The decree(s) of the emperor.
   休ま [w] hsiu-hsieh. [p] xiuxie. [k] hyuhol. [j] kyugatsu. To stop,
   end, finish. Transcend.

   [w] jen. [p] ren. [k] im. [j] nin. (1) To surrender, give up. [負] (2)
   To take on a certain job or role. [努] (3) To serve; take
   responsibility. [事] (4) To resign oneself to one's situation. Accept
   one's place and duty in life. "Acceptance." (5) Appropriate, ought,
   fitting. [ま] (6) To do as one likes; to be self-indulgent. (7) To get
   crooked; be twisted. [曲] (6) Chivalry, gallantry, heroism. (7) One's
   position, job or role. [用] (8) Abiility, talent. [才] (9) Baggage,
   luggage. [荷物]
   任ま [w] jen-ts'ung. [p] rencong. [k] imjong. [j] ninsho.
   Non-restraint. Carefree, self-indulgent; as one likes.
   任運 [w] jen-yun. [p] renyun. [k] im'un. [j] nin'un. Be resigned to
   fate. (2) As it is; natural, naturally. Naturally occurring [法爾].

   [w] chung. [p] zhong. [k] chung. [j] chu. (1) Center, middle,
   in-between. (2) A go-between, matchmaker.
   仲春 [w] chung-ch'un. [p] zhongchun. [k] chungch'un. [j] chushun. The
   middle month of spring. The second month in the lunar calendar.

   [w] fa. [p] fa. [k] bol. [j] batsu. (1) Hit, strike, attack. (2) Wage
   war, subdue. (3) To cut, to kill. (4) To make a show of; be boastful.

   [w] i. [p] yi. [k] i. [j] i. (1) This, that. (2) Only. (3) A river in
   China. (4) Used to transliterate foreign " " sound.

   [w] yang. [p] yang. [k] ang. [j] go, ko, gyo. (1) To lift the head; to
   look up at, look up to, turn upwards. (2) To drink. (3) Depend on,
   seek, respect, revere. (4) To say, to state (polite).

   [w] chi. [p] ji. [k] ki. [j] gi, ki. (1) Skill, art, ability,
   function, talent, ability, cleverness. (2) A woman who entertains--a

   [w] fu. [p] fu. [k] pok, pu. [j] fuku/buku. (1) To prostrate oneself,
   to submit; to make submit. To follow, accord with, go along with. To
   undergo. (2) To lie on one's side. To lie on one's stomach. (3) Droop
   one's head; look down. (4) Cover, conceal, hide. To lie hidden; to lie
   in ambush. (5) The time of the sixth month on the lunar calendar. (6)
   The sitting on, and warming of eggs by a bird.
   伏日 [w] fu-jih. [p] furi. [k] pogil. [j] fukujitsu. "The days when
   the force of yin is kept down by the force of yang." The period of
   hottest weather, after the summer solstice.
   伏ま [w] Fu-hsi. [p] Fuxi. [k] Pogui. [j] Fukugi. The first of the
   legendary Chinese sage-kings of antiquity. Reputed discoverer of the
   hexagrams of the I-ching.
   伏ま [w] fu-la. [p] fula. [k] poknap. [j] fukuro. A collective term
   for summer and winter festivals when formal visits were customary.

   [w] wu. [p] wu. [k] o. [j] go. (1) A group, a clique. (2) To mix in
   with; to enter a group. (3) A five man administrative or military
   unit. (4) Rank, level.

   [w] t'i. [p] ti. [k] ch'e. [j] tai. See 188-13 ま.

   [w] szu. [p] si. [k] sa. [j] ji. (1) To resemble; to seem. To look
   like; appear as. (2) Seemingly.

   [w] ho. [p] he. [k] ha. [j] ka. What, how, why?
   何以 [w] ho-yi. [p] heyi. [k] ha-i. [j] ka-i. For what reason. . .?
   Wherefore. . .? By what means. . .? Through what. . .?
   何必 [w] ho-pi. [p] hebi. [k] hap'il. [j] kahitsu. (1) what need; why?
   (2) It may be so..., it might be possible. An expression of vagueness,
   何時 [w] ho-shih. [p] heshi. [k] hasi. [j] kaji. What time? When?
   何況 [w] ho-k'uang. [p] hekuang. [k] hahwang. [j] kakyo. How much
   more. . . how much less. . . An emphatic negative or positive.
   何等 [p] hedeng. [k] hadung. [j] kado. In what degree? How? How much?
   (2) How Great!

   [w] wei. [p] wei. [k] wi. [j] i. (1) Rank, place, grade, a seat, a
   position. Status. (2) To put into, or to be put into a (proper)
   position. (3) Situation, location.
   位居 [w] wei-chu. [p] weiju. [k] wiko. [j] ikyo. Position; abode.

   [w] tan. [p] dan. [k] tan. [j] tan. Only, merely, whenever. Yet,
   still, but.

   [w] ti. [p] di. [k] cho. [j] tei. (1) Low, small, mean, debased. (2)
   To lower, demote. (3) Base, bottom.

   [w] shen. [p] shen. [k] sin. [j] shin. (1) To stretch out, to lay out,
   extend. Relax. (2) Explain, tell.

   [w] ch'ieh. [p] qie. [k] ka. [j] ka, ga. Transliteration of foreign
   "ka" sounds.
   伽藍 [w] ch'ieh-lan. [p] qielan. [k] karam. [j] garan. Temple,

   [w] i, tieh. [p] yi, die. [k] il, chil. [j] itsu, etsu. (1) To relax,
   take it easy. (2) Idleness, ease. Out of office. (3) To err. (4)
   Alternating, successively. (5) Beautiful.

   [w] chu. [p] zhu. [k] chu. [j] ju. (1) Stay, stop; abide; settle. (2)
   Live, reside, inhabit. (3) Exist. (4) Live peaceably. (5) To dwell on
   some object; to attach to. (6) Attachment, delusion. (7) Continuation.
   (8) To stay in a womb.

   [w] szu, tz'u. [p] si, ci. [k] sa. [j] shi. (1) To seek, inquire, ask
   about, question. (2) To wait for, waylay, wait on.
佛 (傳)

   [w] fo. [p] fo. [k] pul. [j] butsu, bu. The Buddha; Sakyamuni Buddha.
   A buddha. An enlightened person; enlightenment.

   [w] tso. [p] zuo. [k] sa, chak, chu. [j] sa, saku, so. (1) To make, to
   create, to do, to establish, to activate. (2) To start up, to act, be
   active; to function. (3) To write literature, compose music, create
   works of art, etc. To establish, to put forth, to finish [造, 立]. (4)
   Occupation, vocation. (5) The person who makes (something).
   作用 [w] tso-yung. [p] zuoyong. [k] changyong. [j] sayo. (1) Function,
   activity. (2) The essential cause of something. Inducement, incentive,
   motive, cause.
   作ま [w] tso-mo. [p] zuomo. [k] sama. [j] soma. A colloquial question
   form. How? Why? What?
   作ま [w] tso-mo-sheng. [p] zuomosheng. [k] samasaeng. [j] somasan. (1)
   A colloquial question form. How? Why? What? Equivalent to the more
   classical 如何. (2) What did you do? What will yuo do?

   [w] t'o. [p] tuo. [k] t'a. [j] ta. That, another, the other. Syn. 他.

   [w] pan. [p] ban. [k] pan. [j] han. (1) Accompany, bring with; be
   accompanied by; be involved in. (2) Companion, follower, comrade,

   [w] ling. [p] ling. [k] ryong, yong. [j] rei. (1) Musician, actor,
   performer. (2) Clever, sharp, able. (3) To play with; to play on.

   [w] ning. [p] ning. [k] nyong. [j] nei. (1) Ability, skill, talent.
   [才]. (2) A talented person. (3) Eloquent, pursuasive. (4)
   Insinuating. Artful talk; flattery, fluency [ま].

   [w] chu. [p] zhu. [k] cho. [j] cho, sho. (1) Stay, stop, halt; pause;
   come to a halt. (2) To stand and wait. (3) To hope for.

   [w] po, pai, pa. [p] bo, bai, ba. [k] paek. [j] haku, ha. [haku] (1)
   The chief, boss, head. (2) Eldest brother. (3) A husband. (4) Uncle;
   father's eldest brother. (5) The third of the five ranks of nobles
   (公, 侯, 伯, 子, 男). (6) A term indicating prowess in a certain art
   form. [ha] (7) The boss of the various nobles; hegemon [ま].

   [w] tso. [p] zuo. [k] chwa, cha. [j] sa. (1) To help, aid, assist. (2)
   An assistant, a helper.
      [w] yu. [p] you. [k] u. [j] yu. To save; to help, to aid, rescue.
   Salvation, aid.
     [w] hsiu. [p] xiu. [k] hyu. [j] kyu. A variant of 94-4 休. Moro.

   [w] ch'ih. [p] chi. [k] ch'i [j] shi. (1) Wasteful, extravagant. (2)
   Waste, extravagance. (3) Large, wide, broad. (4) Many, large. (5)
   Selfish, spoiled. (6) Excessive. (7) To exaggerate.
來 (來)

   [w] lai. [p] lai. [k] rae. [j] rai. (1) To come, coming; to cause to
   come; to invite. To come here. To move from a remote place or time to
   a near place or present time. (2) From; from before. The future. (3)
   To cause to come; to encourage by reward. (4) After a number it means
   "or more, odd, more than" etc. (5) A guest. (6) Fall back, retreat,
   retrogress. (7) Past tense, since. (8) An auxiliary word used to give
   force to another word.
   來儀 [w] lai-i. [p] laiyi. [k] raeui. [j] raigi. (1) To make an
   appearance; show up; put in an appearance. (2) Words of politeness
   upon arrival.
   來ま [w] lai-tz'u. [p] laici. [k] raeja. [j] raiji. Next year.
   來賀 [w] lai-ho. [p] laihe. [k] raeha. [j] raiga. To come bearing
   words of happiness.

   [w] kung. [p] gong. [k] kong. [j] ku, kyu. (1) Offer, sacrifice,
   dedicate. (2) Present, submit, serve. (3) Accompany. (4) Offering. (5)
   Attendant, retinue.
   供養 [w] kung-yang. [p] gongyang. [k] kongyang. [j] kuyo. 'Offering
   and sustaining;' also written , and simply An offering of food, drink,
   clothing etc., to a buddha, monk, teacher, ancestor etc.

   [w] li. [p] li. [k] rye. [j] rei. (1) A regulation; a law, a custom, a
   precedent, a usage. (2) Example, parallel, illustration. (3) to
   illustrate, to make an example.

   [w] i. [p] yi. [k] ui. [j] e. (1) A foundation, a ground, a basis. (2)
   A cause of something coming into being. (3) Ultimate ground, dwelling
   place. (4) To depend upon, rely upon. (5) Dependence, reliance.
   依ま [w] i-chu. [p] yiju. [k] uiko. [j] ekyo. 'Dependence'.
   依止 [w] i-chih. [p] yizhi. [k] uichi. [j] eji. (1) Reliance,
   dependence. (2) To depend upon something which possesses power and
   virtue. A basis, a support. (3) to serve. (4) According to.
   依然 [w] i-jan. [p] yiran. [k] uiyon. [j] izen. (1) As it was
   originally; the way it was a long time ago. (2) To long after; to
   yearn after. (3) Thick growth of trees.

   [w] ming. [p] ming. [k] myong. [j] mei. See 30-5.

   [w] shih. [p] shi. [k] sa. [j] shi. (1) To use, to put to use, to
   employ. To make work. (2) To send, to order, to cause, to commission,
   to allow. (2) A messenger, an envoy, a commissioner. (3) Let, if. The
   graphs 使, 事, 史, and 吏 are variants of a single early form in which
   a hand is holding some object. Therefore the words are related in
   meaning and sound.

   [w] ping. [p] bing. [k] pyong. [j] hei. (1) To combine, put together,
   unify. (2) To arrange, line up.

   [w] yang. [p] yang. [k] yang. [j] yo. To lie, deceive, fake.

   [w] shih. [p] shi. [k] si. [j] shi. To wait upon, serve.
   侍衛 [p] shiwei. [k] siwi. [j] jiei. To guard a person. A bodyguard.

   [w] p'ei. [p] pei. [k] p'ae. [j] hai. (1) A decorative jewel worn on
   the sash by the emperor and/or other nobility. (2) To wear; put on;
   wrap around, hold. (3) To keep in mind.

   [w] k'an. [p] kan. [k] kan. [j] kan. (1) Adamant, forceful, confident,
   bold. (2) Be relaxed and enjoy oneself.
      [w] i. [p] yi. [k] il. [j] etsu. A row of dancers in the court of
   a noble during the Chou dynasty. The amount of dancers allowable to a
   noble depended on his rank.
      [w] t'ung. [p] tong. [k] tong, t'ong. [j] to. (1) Bigness. (2)
   Foolish, ignorant. (3) A fool, a slacker. (4) Plain, simple,
      [w] erh. [p] er. [k] i. [j] ji, ni. Plenty, a lot, much, many.
   Moro #598.
      [w] kai. [p] gai. [k] hae. [j] kai. Rare, strange, unusual,
   extraordinary [奇]. Moro. #580

   [w] yu. [p] yu. [k] yu. [j] yu, yo. See 134-2.

   [w] hsin. [p] xin. [k] sin. [j] shin. To believe in, to trust. Faith,
   confidence, sincerity; trustworthiness. (sraddha): 'faith',

   [w] su. [p] su. [k] sok. [j] zoku. (1) Habit, custom, practice, usage,
   convention. (2) Worldly, secular, profane, colloquial. (3) A secular
   person, as opposed to someone belonging to a religious order. (4)
   Mean, base, mundane.

   [w] pien. [p] bian. [k] p'yon. [j] ben. (1) Very suitable, ideal, will
   do, convenient, handy, advantageous. (2) To learn; grow accustomed to.
   Ordinary, plain. (3) Thereupon, then, immediately. (4) Readily,
   promptly, easily, comfortably. (5) To ease nature: urination and
   defecation. (6) Eloquent or clever speech; a glib tongue. (7) To
   flatter. [w] p'ien. [p] pian. [j] bin. (1) To rely on; to have
   recourse to. (2) A connection, an influence.

   [w] pao. [p] bao. [k] po. [j] ho, ho. (1) To protect, to guard. A
   guardian. (2) To nourish, to care for. (3) To guarantee; to insure; to
   pay bail or security. (4) A waiter, attendant, escort. (5) A fortress,
   a stronghold.

   [w] ch'in. [p] qin. [k] ch'im. [j] shin. (1) Violate, infringe, break,
   transgress. (2) To invade, usurp; encroach upon; appropriate; to raid.

   [w] hsi. [p] xi. [k] gye. [j] kei. (1) To depend upon, hang from. (2)
   Be related to, tied to, bound up with.

   [w] ts'u. [p] cu. [k] ch'ok. [j] soku. (1) To urge; hurried. (2)
   Close, crowded.

   [w] chun. [p] jun. [k] chun. [j] shun. (1) Excellent, superb, genius.
   (2) Lofty, great.
   俊敏 [w] chun-min. [p] junmin. [k] chunmin. [j] shunbin. Oustanding
   intellectual ability.

   [w] lu. [p] lu. [k] ryo. [j] ryo, ro. (1) Friends, group, crowd, gang.
   (2) To make friends, form a group.

   [w] o. [p] e. [k] a. [j] ga. (1) Sudden, abrupt, unexpected. (2)
   Improvised, off hand. (3) To lean to one side. (4) Transliteration of
   foreign sounds.

   [w] tsu. [p] zu. [k] cho. [j] sho, so. (1) A desk or low table. (2)
   Chopping, board. (3) Altar of sacrifice.

   [w] yung. [p] yong. [k] yong. [j] yo. Wooden figures of men and women
   buried with the dead.

   [w] li. [p] li. [k] ri. [j] ri. (1) Unpolished, rustic, vulgar. (2) A
   vulgar song. (3) A request, to request. (4) Resources; to support. (5)
   Aboriginal tribes.

   [w] mien, fu. [p] mian, fu. [k] myon. [j] ben. (1) Work, strive; make
   an effort. (2) To hang down the head.

   [w] szu. [p] si. [k] sa. [j] shi. (1) To wait for, expect, hope for.
   To request. (2) Great, large. (3) To call upon; to seek for.

   [w] hou. [p] hou. [k] hu. [j] ko. (1) A skilled archer--a feudatory
   prince. The second of the five ancient Chinese ranks of
   nobility--"marquis." (2) An archery target. (3) All the various
   nobles. (4) You. (5) Beautiful. (6) Sometimes used mistakenly for 候,
   to ask or inquire.

   [w] hsia. [p] xia. [k] hyop. [j] kyo. (1) A chivalrous spirit;
   chivalry; a gallant knight. (2) Put, hold between; insert, interpose
   [ま]. (3) A tomboy.

   [w] hsien, ch'ien. [p] xian, qian. [k] hyon. [j] ken. (1) To make an
   example; to use as an example [ま]. (2) An example. (3) To inquire, to
   question. (4) A spy; a secret agent. (5) Be discreet or cautious due
   to possible danger.

   [w] wu. [p] wu. [k] mo. [j] bu. (1) To despise, disdain, hold in
   contempt, take lightly. (2) Disdain, contempt. (3) Endure, bear,
      [w] hsi. [p] xi. [k] hui. [j] ki. To appeal; to accuse. (2) To
   follow superficially. SGK 86b

   [w] pei. [p] bei. [k] [j] hai, bai. (1) To double. (2) A doubling,
   double, an additional amount equal to the original amount. (3) . .
   .times more. (4) More and more.

   [w] chieh. [p] jie. [k] ch'a. [j] sha, seki; shaku (1) To borrow; to
   rent. (2) To lend out. (3) A debt, a loan. (4) Provisionally; if;
   supposing. (5) To make a pretext of.

   [w] tao. [p] dao. [k] do. [j] to. (1) To fall down, fall over; lie
   down. (2) Upside down, perverted, inverted, contrary, mistaken. (3)
   But, nevertheless, and yet.
   倒置 [p] daozhi. [k] doch'i. [j] tochi. Invert, turn upside down.
   Inversion of sentence word order.

   [w] chu. [p] ju. [k] ku. [j] ku. (1) Together with. (2) Both, two
   things together; in both cases. (3) Bound together. (4) Produced, or
   born together. (5) Simultaneous(ly).

   [w] hsiu. [p] xiu. [k] su. [j] shu. (1) To cultivate, to nurture, to
   develop, to adjust, to correct, to repair, to regulate, to reform. To
   prune. (2) More specifically, to cultivate morality, virtue or
   enlightenment. (3) Long, tall. (1) (Religious) practice. To practice.
   Refers generally to cultivation of goodness, and specifically to
   meditation practice. Contemplation. Syn. with (Shad. 263).
   修行 [w] hsiu-hsing. [p] xiuxing. [k] suhaeng. [j] shugyo. (1) To
   practice; to carry out or perform. (2) To endeavor. (3) Penance,

   [w] ch'ih. [p] chi. [k] ch'i. [j] chi. (1) To meet, encounter; to come
   one's turn at (a certain duty). At; coming to. (2) To value. (3)
   Price, value. (4) Appraise, evaluate.

   [w] an. [p] an. [k] om. [j] en. (1) I, myself, me. (2) Large, (3)
   Foolish, stupid.

   [w] piao. [p] biao. [k] p'yo. [j] hyo. (1) To spread out, scatter
   around. (2) To divide up; to allot; apportion, distribute..

   [w] ts'ang. [p] cang. [k] ch'ang. [j] so. (1) A granary, storehouse,
   warehouse, treasury. (2) Sudden, abrupt, unexpected. Confused,
   flustered, disconcerted. (3) Blue-green.

   [w] ko. [p] ge. [k] gae. [j] ka, ko. (1) A counter for physical
   things. [ま, 箇] (2) Individual, single, private.

   [w] hou. [p] hou. [k] hu. [j] ko. (1) Seek, ask for, ask about,
   question. (2) To wait for, to expect. (3) To go meet. (4) A period of
   five days.

   [w] p'ai. [p] pai. [k] pae. [j] hai, be. (1) Sport or amusement. (2)
   An actor, a comedian. (3) Wander about, roam.

   [w] feng. [p] feng. [k] pong. [j] ho. Emolument; salary from the

   [w] feng. [p] feng. [k] pang. [j] ho. (1) Learn; copy, imitate. (2)
   Depend upon, rely upon, follow.

   [w] fu. [p] fu. [k] pu. [j] fu. (1) To bow down, to bend, to look
   downward; to condescend. (2) To bring tribute.
   俯仰 [w] fu-yang [k] puang. [p] fuyang. [j] fugyo. (1) To look
   downward and upward. (2) Behavior, demeanor, manners. (3) Not going
   along with the opinions of another.
   俯就 [w] fu [k] puch'wi. [p] fujiu. [j] fushu. (1) To (reluctantly)
   give up one's own position and follow someone else. (2) To put aside
   one's personal biases in order to follow a teacher. (3) To follow the
   opinion of an inferior. (4) To err. (5) To be employed in a low-level

   [w] liang. [p] liang. [k] ryang, yang. [j] ryo. (1) Ability, skill,
   art. (2) Two.

   [w] hsing. [p] xing. [k] haeng. [j] ko. (1) Lucky, fortunate,
   prosperous. (2) Flatter, adulate, fawn upon, brown-nose.

   [w] i. [p] yi. [k] ui. [j] i, ki. (1) To rely on, trust to, lean on,
   rest against [依]. (2) To ask, request. (3) To harmonize with. [w]
   ch'i. [p] qi. [k] ki. [j] ki. (1) To stand up. (2) Rare, amazing = 奇.

   [w] ch'ang. [p] chang. [k] ch'ang. [j] sho. (1) an actor, dancer,
   comedian, performer. (2) To lead singing. (3) To lead, to guide,
   instruct. (4) Dancing girl, geisha. (5) To seduce. (6) Be confused,

   [w] chuan. [p] juan. [k] kwon. [j] ken. (1) To give up, resign; get
   lazy. (2) To tire, be exhausted.

   [w] chu. [p] ju. [k] ko. [j] kyo. (1) Haughty, bold, rude. (2) To
   measure, as angles. The long side of a carpenter's square. (3) To
   bend, to turn.

   [w] pi. [p] bi. [k] pi. [j] hi. (1) To cause, to enable. [使] (2)
   That, so that. (3) To follow, to accord, employ [ま]. (4) [w] pei. [p]
   bei. [k] pi. [j] hei. To look askance [ま].

   [w] wo, wei. [p] wo, wei. [k] wae. [j] wa, (1) Dwarf; the land of
   dwarfs. (2) Poor, mean. (3) Yamato; Japan, Japanese (spoken
   derogatorily by ancient Chinese). (4) To bend, to yield, compliant.

   [w] ch'ing. [p] qing. [k] ch'ong. [j] sei. (1) Beautiful, lovely,
   charming. (2) A beautiful mouth. (3) A bride-groom; son-in-law. (4) To
   hire, employ.

   [w] lun. [p] lun. [k] ryun, yun. [j] rin. (1) A kind, sort, class,
   species. (2) Order, series, precedence. (3) A thread, string. (4) The
   thread of an argument or thesis; reason. Method system. (5) Constant,
   always. (6) In Confucianism, the five constant bonds or principles of

   [w] pi, pei. [p] bi, bei. [k] pi, p'ye. [j] hi, hei. (1) [bi, pi, hi]
   Get, obtain, force from somebody. (2) To follow, accord with. (3)
   Administer, govern, preside over. (4) A slave; an attendant. (5)
   Close, near. (6) [bei, pei, p'ye, hei] Glare at; scowl at. [ま]
      [w] t'ang, ch'ang. [p] tang, chang. [k] tang, sang. [j] to, sho.
   [t'ang, tang, to] (1) Suddenly; all of the sudden, in a moment. (2)
   Unforeseen, accidental. (3) Absent-mindedness, unconsciousness. (4)
   If, supposing; even if. [chang, sang, sho.] (5) To wander. SGK 91c
   佯 [w] ch'ang-yang. [p] changyang. [k] sangyang. [j] shoyo. (1) To
   wander around; to roam. (2) To and fro. Hesitating, unsteady.
     [w] ch'uei. [p] chui. [k] su. [j] sui. (1) Heavy. (2) The name of
   an ancient minister. SGK 91c

   [w] hsiu. [p] xiu. [k] su. [j] shu. See 130-7.
      [w] t'i. [p] ti. [k] ch'ok. [j] teki. (1) Unrestrained,
   unoccupied. (2) Excellent, great, high.

   [w] t'iao. [p] tiao. [k] cho. [j] jo. See 75-7.
假 (假)

   [w] chia. [p] jia. [j] ka, ke. (1) Provisional, temporary.
   Provisionally hypothesized. (2) To borrow; to avail of. (3) Allow,
   approve. (4) If. (5) Large. (6) Good, great, excellent. (7) An
   institution or establishment. To establish a concept. (7) The use of a
   metaphor which, though not truly existent, is used for explanation.
   (8) Something that is provisional or temporary. Synonymous with ま.
   (9) Give, bestow, grant, present, assign. (10) Free time; a break; a
   leave of absence. (11) [j] kaku. To reach; to arrive to; to draw near.

   [w] szu. [p] si. [k] si. [j] shi. (1) To interact with someone from a
   good conscience. (2) Be talented. (3) Urgent.

   [w] chien. [p] jian. [k] kon. [j] ken. (1) Healthy, sound. (2) Strong,
   powerful. (3) Good, great, exceedingly. (4) To seem difficult.

   [w] ts'e. [p] ce. [k] ch'uk. [j] soku. (1) To lean (toward). To lean
   to one side. (2) Oppose; prejudiced, perverted. (3) Shove to one side;
   look out of the corner of one's eyes. (4) Side, edge, surroundings,
   vicinity. (5) Faint, indistinct, stupid.

   [w] chen. [p] zhen. [k] chong. [j] tei. (1) Investigate, snoop around;
   to spy. (2) A spy; secret agent. (3) A noble; marquis [侯].

   [w] ou. [p] ou. [k] u. [j] gu. (1) Even number, couple, pair. (2) Man
   and wife; friend. (3) A mate; to mate. (4) An image, an idol. (5) Same
   kind. (6) Accidental, by chance, unexpectedly. Occasional, rare.

   [w] yen. [p] yan. [k] on. [j] en. (1) Dam, weir. (2) Rest, relax,
   stop, cease, desist from. (3) Sleep, recline, lie down.

   [w] chieh, chi. [p] jie, ji. [k] gye. [j] ge, kei, ketsu. (1) Fast,
   quick, hasty. (2) Brave, martial. (3) Gatha, the poetic verses of the
   Buddhist scriptures, to be distinguished from the prose. [長行]

   [w] hsieh, chieh. [p] xie, jie. [k] hae. [j] kai. (1) Together, with.
   (2) Accompany, follow. (3) Strong, robust.

   [w] t'ou. [p] tou. [k] t'u. [j] to, chu. (1) To steal; a thief. (2)
   Thin, insipid, weak. Mean, low. (3) Stealthily, clandestine.

   [w] t'ing. [p] ting. [k] chong. [j] tei. To stop; to stay. Stop over,

   [w] pien. [p] bian. [k] p'yon. [j] hen, ben. (1) Inclined to one side.
   Leaning, partial, prejudiced. Determined, in a bad sense. (2)
   Sometimes this word is used for 遍 and   , meaning whole, perfect,
   universal. (3) To transform, overturn, change.
   偏執 [w] pien-chi. [p] pianzhi. [k] p'yonjip. [j] henshu. Bias.
   Refusing to change one's viewpoint.

   [w] tso. [p] zuo. [k] sa. [j] saku. A variant of 9-5 作.

   [w] p'ang, (pang, peng). [p] pang, (bang, beng). [k] pang. [j] bo. (1)
   The side; nearby, at hand. (2) The right side of a Chinese ideograph.
   (3) To come near, to pull close.

   [w] pei. [p] bei. [k] pi. [j] bi. (1) Furnish, provide, equip,
   install, prepare. (2) Have possess, be endowed with. (3) Provision,
   preparation, preparedness. (4) All, completely, fully.

   [w] chieh. [p] jie. [k] kol. [j] ketsu. (1) Excellence, greatness. (2)
   To excel, be great. (3) A great person. (4) A variant form of ま, esp.
   as the evil ruler of the Hsia dynasty.

   [w] san. [p] san. [k] san. [j] san. An umbrella, a cover.

   [w] wei. [p] wei. [k] wi. [j] i. (1) Great, excellent, remarkable,
   admirable, extraordinary, famous. (2) Greatness. (3) To be conceited.
   偉人 [w] wei-jen. [p] weiren. [k] wiin. [j] ijin. An extraordinary
   person; a sage.

   [w] k'uei, kuei. [p] kui, gui. [k] koe. [j] kai. (1) Great, large. (2)
   Strange, gigantic, monstrous, wonderful. (3) A wooden puppet.

   [w] fu. [p] fu. [k] pu. [j] fu. (1) Instructor, tutor (to a prince).
   To teach, instruct. (2) Wait upon, serve. (3) Come near, be near. (4)
   To reach to. (5) To assist, to support.

   [w] ts'ui. [p] cui. [k] ch'oe [j] sai. (1) Hold (a meeting), give (a
   dinner). (2) Feel, show signs of, develop symptoms of. (3) Meeting,
   gathering. (4) to urge, to press, to hasten.

   [w] chai. [p] zhai. [k] ch'ae. [j] sai. (1) Debt, loan. (2) To be in

   [w] shang. [p] shang. [k] sang. [j] sho. (1) To injure; to hurt. A
   wound, an injury; to receive a wound. (2) Pain, suffering--esp. mental
   or emotional suffering.

   [w] ch'ing. [p] qing. [k] kyong. [j] kei. (1) Lean, incline, tilt,
   bend, slant. (2) Incline toward, be disposed to, trend toward, prone
   to. (3) Inclination, tendency, disposition. (4) Go down, wane, sink,
   decline, descend. (5) To upset, be overthrown. To collapse, to
   subvert. (6) To pour out. (7) To incline, to lean. (8) To assay, to
   test, to smelt.
ま (傳)

   [w] chuan, ch'uan. [p] zhuan, chuan. [k] chon. [j] ten/den. (1) To
   transmit, to relay, to send. To propagate, to preach. (2) To hand
   down, to perpetuate. (3) To summon; to transmit verbally; to
   interpret. (4) A record, a chronicle.

   [w] ch'ien. [p] qian. [k] ch'om. [j] sen. Every, all, the whole.

   [w] ao. [p] ao. [k] o. [j] go. (1) Be proud, haughty. (2) Pride. (3)

   [w] yung. [p] yong. [k] yong. [j] yo. (1) Employ, hire. (2)
   Employment, hiring. (3) Impartial. (4) Salary.

   [w] yu. [p] yu. [k] ku. [j] u. (1) Bend over. (2) Hunchbacked.

   [p] lou. [k] ru. [j] ro, ru. (1) Bend over. (2) Hunchback, bent,

   [w] chin. [p] jin. [k] kun. [j] kin. (1) Only, merely. (2) Small,
   slightly, a little bit. (3) Nearly, almost.

   [w] hsien. [p] xian. [k] son. [j] sen. (1) A mountain man (仙). (2) To
   dance lightly.
      [w] lu. (3) An illness, a disease. (4) Slowly, easily, gradually.

   [w] hsiang. [p] xiang. [k] sang. [j] zo, sho. (1) Form, shape, image.
   (2) To reflect, to copy.

   [w] p'u. [p] pu. [k] pok. [j] boku. (1) A slave, servant. (2)
   Charioteer, driver. (3) I, myself; self-depreciatory: "your servant."
   (4) Group, gang, associate(s). (5) To be attached to, to follow.

   [w] liang. [p] liang. [k] ryo. [j] ryo. (1) Friend, associate.
   Companion, colleague. (2) Group, clique. (3) A public official; civil

   [w] seng. [p] seng. [k] sung. [j] so. A (Buddhist) monk or nun; the

   [w] ch'iao. [p] qiao. [k] kyo. [j] kyo. (1) High, tall. (2) To stay
   overnight; a motel or inn. (3) Travel.

   [w] chiao. [p] jiao. [k] yo. [j] gyo. To be lucky; a chance, take a

   [w] chien. [p] jian, zen. [k] ch'am. [j] sen, shin. (1) To assume, to
   usurp; to go too far. (2) Imitate, copy. (3) Violate, transgress,
      [w] hsien. [p] xian. [k] han. [j] kan. (1) Fierce, ferocious,
   audacious. (2) Accurate, exact, scrupulous, neat, tidy. (3) Loose,
   slack, easy, gentle, lenient.
      [w] fen. [p] fen. [k] bun. [j] fun. To upset, knock down, break,
   destroy, ruin. Shake, shake down.

   [w] t'ung. [p] tong. [k] dong. [j] zu, to, do. (1) Boy. (2) Servant,
   slave. (3) Foolish, dull, ignorant.

   [w] i. [p] yi. [k] ok. [j] oku. (1) 100,000,000; a large amount. (2)
   To count, to calculate; to figure.

   [w] p'i. [p] pi. [k] pyok. [j] heki, hi. (1) Evade, escape. (2)
   Prejudice, bias; be prejudiced. (3) Evil, warped, untrue, erroneous.
   (4) Rural area.
     [w] szu. [p] si. [k] sa. [j] shi. (1) Lacking heart, lacking
   sincerity; insipid. (2) Small, minute.

   [w] chun. [p] jun. [k] chun. [j] shun. (1) To excel, surpass. (2) An
   excellent or remarkable person.
   [w] ching. [p] jing. [k] kyong. [j] kei. Warn, advise, admonish,
   prohibit. Admonishment.

   [w] i. [p] yi. [k] ui. [j] gi. (1) Rule, pattern, model, example. (2)
   Ceremony, affair, case, matter. (3) Deportment, manners. (4) A
   present. (5) Instrument, apparatus.
   儀ま [w] I-ti. [p] Yidi. [k] Ёijok. [j] Giteki. (1) A man from the
   Hsia 夏 period, reputed to be the first brewer of rice wine. (2)
   Another name for rice-wine or alcohol.
   儀軌 [w] i-kuei. [p] yigui. [k] uikwe. [j] giki. Rule, law, pattern,
   norm, tradition.
ま (U)

   [w] chia. [p] jia. [k] ka. [j] ka. Price, value.
ま (儉)

   [w] chien. [p] jian. [k] kom. [j] ken. (1) Economy; to economize. (2)
   Few, lacking. Poor, needy, in poverty, in want.

   [w] chiang. [p] jiang. [k] kang. [j] kyo. Fall, come down, topple, lie
   down, collapse, be ruined [倒]

   [w] ju. [p] ru. [k] yu. [j] ju. (1) A literatus, a scholar. (2) Soft,
   weak. (3) Confucian.

   [w] ch'ou. [p] chou. [k] chu. [j] chu. (1) Kind, set, sort, class.
   Match, equal, peer; companion, pal. (2) Who?
      [w] pin. [p] bin. [k] pin. [j] hin. (1) A guide within the
   household, estate or realm who serves the master by being a guide for
   guests. (2) An avant-courier; a forerunner, pioneer, herald. (3) To
   guide. (4) To entertain a guest. (5) To link, join, arrange. To set in
   order. (6) To respect, revere, venerate. (7) To throw away; cast off.
     [w] t'ai. [p] tai. [k] tae. [j] tai. (1) Retainer, vassal,
   follower [臣]. (2) Hit, touch, hit the mark; apply to [ま]. (3) Ugly
   [醜]. TAEHAN 253d
     [w] wu. [p] wu. [k] mu. [j] bu, mu. To dance.=舞 SGK 104b

   [w] ch'ang. [p] chang. [k] sang. [j] sho. Make up for; make amends,
   make good, recompense; to pay back.

   [w] lei. [p] lei. [k] roe. [j] rai. (1) Be defeated, worn out. (2) To
   injure, to destroy. (3) A doll; human image.

   [w] yu. [p] you. [k] u. [j] yu. (1) Elegance. (2) An actor. (3) Easy,
   mild, quiet. (4) To surpass, excel, be superior.
   優劣 [w] yu-lieh. [p] youlie. [k] uryul. [j] yuretsu. Superior and
   inferior; excellent and poor.

   [w] ch'u. [p] chu. [k] cho. [j] cho. (1) Be profitable, yield a
   profit. (2) Get, gain. Profits. (3) To store, stock, lay aside. (4)
   Storage, provisions. (4) Heir-apparent.
      [w] shu. [p] shu. [k] suk. [j] shuku. (1) Very dark blue. (2)
   Black. (3) Fast. (4) Calamity. (5) The name of a fish that appears in
   the Chuang-tzu. (6) The original form of the character ま. SKG 105c.

   [w] li. [p] li. [k] ryo, yo. [j] rei. To arrange, to pair off. A
   couple; husband and wife.

   [w] no. [p] nuo. [k] na. [j] na, da. (1) To exorcise demons; to drive
   away pestilence. (2) Soft and delicate. (3) Walking with measured

   [w] yen. [p] yan. [k] om. [j] gen. (1) Respect, revere. (2) Majestic,
   stern. (3) Like, as.
   ま然 [w] yen-jan. [p] yanran. [k] omyon. [j] genzen. Grave, solemn,
   dignified, stern, majestic.

   [w] t'ang. [p] tang. [k] tang. [j] to. (1) To surpass (others),
   excell, shine out. (2) Quickly, suddenly, right away. (3) Any, at all,
   in the least. (4) If, perhaps. (5) Be disheartened, dispirited, in
   despair. (6) Unclear, obscure. (7) Selfishly, arbitrarily.
      [w] lei. [p] lei. [k] rae. Grow weary of; to be fatigued, be
Radical 10  ま


   [w] jen. [p] ren. [k] in, kye. [j] jin, nin. (1) An ancient, and
   somewhat rare variant of the ideograph 人, meaning "person." (2) A
   benevolent person [仁人].

   [w] wu. [p] wu. [k] ol. [j] gotsu. (1) High and level on the top. (2)
   Determined, resolute. (3) To punish by cutting off the feet. (4)
   まま [p] wuwu. [k] orol. [j] gotsugotsu. Steadfast, determined,
   unmoving. One-pointed effort.

   [w] yuan. [p] yuan. [k] won. [j] gen, gan. (1) First, beginning,
   origin, foundation, basis, source, cause (本, 原). (2) The first year
   of an era; first day of the year. (3) Great virtue; a saint. (4) Head,
   chief, leader, principal, eldest. (5) Good, large, great. (6) The Yuan
   (Mongol) dynasty (1279-1367).
   元后 [p] yuanhou. [k] wonhu. [j] genko. (1) The emperor. (2) The
   emperor's main wife; empress.
   元首 [p] yuanshou. [k] wonsu. [j] genshu. The head, leader, chief,
   ruler, sovereign, best, first, beginning.

   [w] yun. [p] yun. [k] yun. [j] in. (1) True, genuine, real. [信] (2)
   Fitting, ought, should, appropriate to. [ま]. (3) Allow, agree, grant,
   accept. (4) Clever, crafty.

   [w] hsiung. [p] xiong. [k] hyong. [j] kei, kyo. (1) Elder brother. (2)
   A term of affection used in addressing an elder friend. (3) The
   greater among two things. (4) How much more...[ ]

   [w] hsien. [p] xian. [k] son. [j] sen. (1) Before, prior, ahead,
   first, initial. To start first. Foremost, before, former. In front.
   (2) Previous in time. Before, former(ly), previous(ly). (3) To be
   first, to put first, to regard as first; to take precedence. (3)
   Deceased, former. Ancestors.
   先人 [w] hsien-jen. [p] xianren. [k] son'in. [j] senjin. (1)
   Ancestors. (2) Deceased person. (3) An ancient worthy. (4) Someone
   from the past.
   先ま [w] hsien-pi. [p] xianbi. [k] sonbi. [j] senbi. A deceased
   先師 [w] hsien-shih. [p] xianshi. [k] sonsa. [j] senshi. (1) An
   ancient sage or worthy. (2) A teacher, mentor, master. (3) A deceased
   先王 [w] hsien-wang. [p] xianwang. [k] sonwang. [j] senno. (1) The
   dead king. (2) The former kings, i.e., the sage kings of antiquity.
   先生 [w] hsien-sheng. [p] xiansheng. [k] sonsaeng. [j] sensei. (1) One
   born earlier; a senior. (2) A term of respectful address: "Sir." (3) A
   teacher, scholar, gentleman. (4) Appended as head to a proper name
   with a force like "Mr." in English.
   先鋒 [w] hsien-feng. [p] xianfeng. [k] sonbong. [j] senbo. Vanguard,
   pioneers, leading edge, cutting edge.

   [w] ch'ung. [p] chong. [k] ch'ung. [j] ju. (1) To fill. [ま] (2) To
   close, shut, cover. [塞, 覆] (3) To assign to; to fit for [ま]. (4) To
   fatten, enrich, develop [肥, 養, 長]
   充滿 [w] ch'ungman. [p] chongman. [k] ch'ungman. [j] juman. To be
   filled with, to be pregnant with, teem with.
   充足 [p] chongju. [k] ch'ungjok. [j] jusoku. Be full, be whole, be

   [w] kuang. [p] guang. [k] kwang. [j] ko. (1) Light, brightness,
   splendor. (2) Sunlight. (3) Manifestation, appearance. (4) The
   opposite of dullness; wisdom. (5) Halo, aura. (6) Smooth, bare, naked.

   [w] chao. [p] zhao. [k] cho. [j] cho. (1) Sign, omen, indication,
   portent, symptom. (2) Show signs, show symptoms. (3) To divine, to
   foresee. (4) A festival court. (5) Burial ground. (6) The people of
   the land; the subjects of the king. (7) Trillion, billion.

   [w] hsiung. [p] xiong. [k] hyung. [j] kyo. Bad, evil, fearful.
   (免) [w] mien. [p] mian. [k] myon. [j] men. (1) Avoid, escape from, be
   rescued from, get rid of. (2) To relieve; relieve from office. SGK

   [w] k'e (k'o). [p] ke. [k] kuk. [j] koku. (1) To be able to;
   competent, adequate. (2) To subdue; to improve. To overcome one's
   selfish desires. (3) To fix upon. To carry.

   [w] t'u. [p] tu. [k] t'o. [j] to. A rabbit, hare.

   [w] erh. [p] er. [k] a. [j] ji, ni. (1) Child, baby, infant (usually
   male). (2) Son.
   ま戲 [w] erh-hsi. [p] erxi. [k] ahui. [j] jigi. (1) The trifle,
   caprice, whimsicality of a child. (2) Something carried out
   imperfectly or insufficiently.
   ま童 [w] erh-t'ung. [p] ertong. [k] atong. [j] nido. Children.
      [w] szu. [p] si. [k] si. [j] ji. Rhinoceros.

   [w] tou. [p] dou. [k] tu. [j] to, to. (1) Helmet, headpiece. (2) A
   hat. (3) Be confused. (4) Transliteration for foreign tu sounds.

   [w] ching. [p] jing. [k] kung. [j] kyo. (1) To fear, to dread.
   Caution, apprehensive. (2) To be unsettled; to tremble, to shudder.

... (中間劃數略掉) ...

最後一篇: C191-214  :

   Return to Radical Index
                        Dictionary of Classical Chinese
      Radicals 191-214 ままま鬼魚鳥ま鹿ま麻黃黍黑まま鼎鼓鼠鼻まま龍まま
Radical 191  ま


   [w] nao. [p] nao. [k] nyo. [j] to, do (1) To disturb, agitate, excite,
   stir up trouble. (2) Be disturbed, agitated. (3) To wrangle, fight,
   struggle. (4) To be growing, flourishing.

   [w] tou. [p] dou. [k] t'u. [j] to. To struggle, to fight.
Radical 192  ま


   [w] ch'ang. [p] chang. [k] ch'ang. [j] cho. (Fragrant) herbs.

   [p] yu. [j] utsu. [k] ul. [j] yu. (1) To crowd together, throng, flock
   together. (2) To be steamy; be hot and stuffy; hot and humid. (3) To
   close up, clog, choke, jam, cover. Be stopped up, stifled. (4)
   Flourishing. (5) A wild cherry tree: prunus tomentosa. (6) Fragrant
Radical 193  ま


   [w] ko, li. [p] ge, li. [k] kyok. [j] kaku, reki. A tripod kettle.
Radical 194  鬼


   [w] kuei. [p] gui. [k] kwi. [j] ki. (1) A demon, ghost, spirit. An
   evil spirit. (2) A hungry ghost.
   鬼   [w] kuei. [p] gui. [k] kwi. [j] ki. A demon and a caddis worm,
   both of which attack people unawares from a dark place. A treacherous
   person. SGK 1181b

   [w] hun. [p] hun. [k] hon. [j] kon. The spiritual or heavenly part of
   the soul, which is unattached to material things. It develops in the
   latter part of one's life after the po ま soul has been developed.

   [w] k'uei. [p] kui. [k] koe. [j] kai. (1) A boss, chief, head. (2) The
   lead; the initiative. A pioneer, a forerunner. (3) To excel, exceed;
   be superior, eminent, great. (4) To be first on the list of candidates
   for the advanced civil service degree. (5) The four stars of the
   Dipper. (6) Large, great. (7) To be contented, to be at ease.

   [w] p'o. [p] po. [k] paek. [j] haku. Soul; the lower spirit that is
   attached to the physical body which co-exists with the higher soul The
   earthly aspect of the soul, which one develops in the earlier part of
   their life.

   [w] mei. [p] mei. [k] mae. [j] mi. Magic, sorcery. Ghost, apparition.

   [w] wei. [p] wei. [k] wi. [j] gi. (1) Tall, high. (2) The name for a
   Chinese state, several times in its history: (a) Wei dynasty, 220-264.
   (3) A surname.

   [w] liang. [p] liang. [k] ryang, yang. [j] ryo. A spirit of things
   from nature such as streams, trees, stones, etc.

   [w] wang. [p] wang. [k] mang. [j] mo, bo. An elf, a sprite. A spirit
   of natural things such as rivers, trees, stones, etc.

   [w] mo. [p] mo. [k] ma. [j] ma. (1) Evil spirit, evil demon, demon
   king. The demon king of the sixth heaven of the desire realm. In the
   same vein, "defilement," or hindrances to enlightenment. An
   abbreviated transliteration of the Sanskrit mara 魔羅, which means "to
   kill." (2) Magic. Magical power.
   魔外 [w] mo-wai. [p] mowai. [k] maoe. [j] mage. A contraction of
   天魔外道 "Evil demons and heretics" who slander and transgress the
Radical 195  魚


   [w] yu. [p] yu. [k] . [j] gyo. (1) Fish; fishing. (2) Oneself, myself.
   (3) A horse with two white eyes. (4) A decoration worn around the
   waist of T'ang officials.

   [w] lu. [p] lu. [k] ro. [j] ro. (1) Dull, slow, foolish. (2) A Chinese
   state (home of Confucius) during the Spring and Autumn period.

   [w] pao. [p] bao. [k] p'o. [j] byo, ho. (1) Salted fish. (2) An
   ear-shell; sea-ear, abalone. (3) A surname.

   [w] hsien. [p] xian. [k] son. [j] sen. (1) vivid, clear, bright,
   brilliant. (2) Lively, graceful. (3) New, fresh. (4) Good, beautiful.
   (5) Seldom, few

   [w] li. [p] li. [k] ri. [j] ri. (1) A carp. (2) A letter (3) The name
   of Confucius' son.

   [w] k'un. [p] kun. [k] kon. [j] kon. (1) In the Chuang-tzu, the name
   of a Huge Fish that lives in the Northern Sea. (2) Fish eggs; roe.

   [w] ching. [p] jing. [k] kyong. [j] kei, gei. (1) A whale. (2) A male

   [w] kuan. [p] guan. [k] hwan. [j] kan. (1) A widower, unmarried man.
   (2) To be solitary, to suffer. (3) A type of large fish found in the
   Yellow River, said to be unable to close its eyes.

   [w] lin. [p] lin. [k] rin. [j] rin. (1) The scales of a fish. (2) A
   fish. (3) Scaly.
Radical 196  鳥


   [w] niao. [p] niao. [k] cho. [j] cho. Bird, birds.

   [w] fu. [p] fu. [k] pu. [j] fu. (1) Duck, mallard, drake. (2) The name
   of a mountain in Shantung.

   [w] ming. [p] ming. [k] myong. [j] mei. To emit a sound--usually of
   bird, animal and bell sounds. The chirp, twitter, caw, squawk, etc. of

   [w] feng. [p] feng. [k] pung. [j] ho. The male Phoenix.

   [w] yuan. [p] yuan. [k] yon. [j] gan. (1) A hawk, a kite. (2) Brown,

   [w] ya. [p] ya. [k] a. [j] a. A crow or raven. [烏]

   [w] yen. [p] yan. [k] an. [j] gan. The wild goose [雁].

   [w] chen. [p] zhen. [k] chim. [j] chin. (1) The name of a poisonous
   bird. (2) Its venom. (3) To be killed by this bird's poison.

   [w] hung. [p] hong. [k] hong. [j] ko. (1) A wild swan; a wild goose.
   (2) Vast, profound.

   [w] hu. [p] hu. [k] kok. [j] koku, ko. (1) [koku] A snow-goose. (2) A
   white stork. (3) A swan. (4) A bull's eye in archery. (5) White. (6)
   [ko] Large, great, big; wide. (7) A crane; stork.

   [w] o. [p] e. [k] a. [j] ga. (1) A goose. (2) An army's battle array.

   [w] ch'iao, ch'ueh. [p] que, qiao. [k] chak. [j] shaku, jaku. Magpie.

   [w] p'eng. [p] peng. [k] pung. [j] ho. Phoenix; mythical bird,
   fantastic bird.
     [w] k'un. [p] kun. [k] ko. [j] kon. A large fowl. Mathews says
   "jungle-fowl." SGk 1193b

   [w] chi. [p] ji. [k] kye. [j] kei Chickens, fowl. Farm birds.

   [w] hao. [p] hao. [k] hak. [j] kaku. A crane, a stork.

   [w] yao. [p] yao. [k] yo. [j] yo. (1) An asiatic sparrow-hawk. (2) A
   paper kite.
   ま子過新羅 "The hawk passes Silla" referring to a condition of not
   knowing in advance where one will go, or settle down.

   [w] ying. [p] ying. [k] aeng. [j] yo, o. (1) A (Korean) bush warbler.
   A nightingale. (2) A bird with beautiful feathers. (3) Mango-bird;
   Asian oriole. Korean kkokkori; Japanese uguisu.
   ま燕 [w] ying-yen. [p] yingyan. [k] aengyon. [j] oen. (1) A bush
   warbler and a swallow--two beautiful birds. A metaphor for beautiful
   girls, or prostitutes. (2) A prostitute, call girl. Red-light
   district. Fashionable prostitutes.
      [w] ou. [p] ou. [k] ku. [j] o. A seagull, or tern. SGK 1195a

   [w] chiu. [p] jiu. [k] ch'wi. [j] ju. An eagle. A vulture.

   [w] lu. [p] lu. [k] ro. [j] ro. A heron.
     [w] szu. [p] si. [k] sa. [j] shi. A snowy heron. SGK 1195b
Radical 197  ま


   [w] lu. [p] lu. [k] ro. [j] ro. (1) Natural salt; rock salt. (2) Rude,
   common, vulgar. (3) A large shield. (4) To capture, plunder. (5) Salt
ま ()

   [w] yen. [p] yan. [k] yom. [j] en. Salt; salty.
Radical 198   鹿


   [w] lu. [p] lu. [k] rok. [j] roku. Deer, stag.

   [w] ts'u. [p] cu. [k] ch'u. [j] so. Rough, coarse, crude. gross. Same
   as 198-22 .

   [w] mi. [p] mi. [k] mi. [j] bi. (1) A reindeer, caribou. (2) Vicinity,
   neighborhood; edge, waterside, beach, shore, river-bank. (3) To
   fester; be sore, be inflamed. (4) Hot (sexually); inflamed,

   [w] li. [p] li. [k] ryo. [j] rei, rai, ri. (1) Beautiful,
   well-proportioned, elegant. (2) To be connected to, to depend on. (3)
   To tie to, to tether. (4) To arrest, seize, bind. The graph is
   probably a deer with a pair of fine horns.

   [w] chi. [p] qi. [k] ki. [j] ki. A marvelous horse-like mythical East
   Asian animal.
   ま麟 [w] chi-lin. [p] qilin. [k] kirin. [j] kirin. A famous mythical
   hoofed and horned animal, considered to be the greatest of all the
   beasts. The first ideograph stands for the male of the species, and
   the second ideograph for the female.

   [w] lu. [p] lu. [k] rok. [j] roku. (1) The foot; the bottom; the base
   (of a mountain or hill). (2) A forest [林]. (3) The government
   official in charge of mountain forests.

   [w] lin. [p] lin. [k] rin. [j] rin. (1) An auspicious, mythical East
   Asian horse-like animal. (2) An outstanding personage.
   麟角 [w] lin-chueh. [p] linjue. [k] ringak. [j] rinkaku. "The horns of
   the Ch'i-lin" a term of respect for the boys of the royal family.

   [w] ts'u. [p] cu. [k] ch'u. [j] so. (1) Rough, coarse, rude,
   unrefined. (2) The body. (3) Grossly manifest defilements.
Radical 199   ま

ま ()

   [w] mai. [p] mai. [k] maek. [j] baku. Barley, wheat. One of the five
   essential grains.
      [w] mou. [p] mou. [k] mo. [j] bo, mu. Barley: one of the five
   essential grains. SGK 1199c
Radical 200  麻


   [w] ma. [p] ma. [k] ma. [j] ma. Hemp.

   [w] mo. [p] mo. [k] ma. [j] ma, ba. (1) Small, minute, insignificant.
   (2) A question mark. How? Why?

   [w] ma. [p] ma. [k] ma. [j] ma. See 64-11.

   [w] hui. [p] hui. [k] ki. [j] ki. (1) A banner, a standard. (2) To
   signal to, to wave to. SGK 1200b

   [w] mi. [p] mi. [k] mi. [j] bi. See 175-11

   [w] mo. [p] mo. [k] ma. [j] ma. See 194-11
Radical 201  黃


   [w] huang. [p] huang. [k] hwang. [j] ko, o. The color yellow, esp. as
   the color of the earth. (2) Gold. (3) An old man. (4) Center. (5) A
   common surname.
   黃卷 [w] huang-chuan. [p] huangjuan. [k] hwangkwon. [j] kokan.
   Writings, texts, books, documents.
   黃梅 [w] huang-mei. [p] huangmei. [k] hwangmae. [j] kobai. (1) A ripe
   plum. (2) The season when the plums get ripe--the fifth month. (3) A
   type of yellow-flowered bush.
   黃ま [w] huang-po. [p] huangbo. [k] hwangbyok. [j] obaku. (1) An amur
   cork; a Chinese cork tree. (2) Huang-po, famous T'ang dynasty Ch'an
   黃老 [w] huang-lao. [p] huanglao. [k] hwangno. [j] koro. Taoism, from
   Huang-ti 黃帝, the Yellow Emperor, a legendary patron of Taoism and
   Lao-tzu 老子, the putative author of the Tao Te Ching.
   黃ま [w] huang-po. [p] huangbo. [k] hwangbyok. [j] obaku. See above
Radical 202  黍


   [w] shu. [p] shu. [k] so. [j] sho. (1) Millet. One of the five
   essential grains. (2) A unit of weight, approx. 1.5 mg.

   [w] li. [p] li. [k] ryo. [j] rei, ri. (1) Black. (2) All, much, many.
   (3) As far as, about. (4) To adjust. (5) A surname.
Radical 203  黑


   [w] heh. [p] hei. [k] huk. [j] koku. Black; the color black. Dark,

   [w] mo. [p] mo. [k] muk. [j] moku. (1) Be quiet, be silent. (2)
   Silence, quiet.
   默然 [w] mo-yon. [p] moran. [k] mugyon. [j] mokunen. Be silent.
ま (點)

   [w] tien. [p] dian. [k] chom. [j] ten. (1) A dot, a spot, a speck. (2)
   A point. (3) A bit, a little. (4) To count, to check one by one. (5)
   To punctuate. (6) To light.
   ま頭 [w] tien-t'ou. [p] diantou. [k] chomdu. [j] tento. To bow; to nod

   [w] ch'u. [p] chu. [k] ch'ul. [j] chutsu. (1) Expel, refuse, reject.
   (2) To make quit, to fire. Lose one's position. (3) To remove.
ま (黨)

   [w] tang. [p] dang. [k] tang. [j] to. (1) Friends, associates,
   comrades; a person's crowd, gang, group. A faction. (2) A street gang.
   (3) To join a gang, club, association. (4) Be intimate with. (4) A
   place. (5) Correct, right, good. (6) If.
Radical 204  ま


   [w] chih. [p] zhi. [k] ch'i. [j] chi. To embroider, to sew embroidered

   [w] fu. [p] fu. [k] pul. [j] futsu. (1) A robe, a rug, a wrap. (2) An
   ornamental texture of black and blue stripes, used for the sacrificial
   robes of the emperor.
Radical 205  ま


   [w] min, meng. [p] min, meng. [k] min. [j] bin, bo. A (green) frog. To
   work hard; apply oneself.
      [w] yuan. [p] yuan. [k] won. [j] gen. A Sea-turtle. SGK 1206b

   [w] pieh. [p] bie. [k] pyol. [j] betsu. (1) Fresh-water turtle. (2)
   [w] t'o. [p] tuo. [k] t'a. [j] ta. Crocodile, alligator; large
   water-lizard. SGK 1206c
Radical 206  鼎


   [w] ting. [p] ding. [k] chong. [j] tei. Kettle; three-legged kettle.
Radical 207  鼓


   [w] ku. [p] gu. [k] ko. [j] ko. (1) A drum. (2) To drum; to make
   noise; to make music. (3) To awaken, arouse, motivate, move. To drum
   people (soldiers) forward.
Radical 208  鼠


   [w] shu. [p] shu. [k] so. [j] so, sho. Rat; mouse. Dark grey.
Radical 209  鼻


   [w] pi. [p] bi. [k] pi. [j] bi. The nose.
     [w] hou. [p] hou. [k] hu. [j] ko. Breathing through the nose.
   Snorting. SGk 1209a 1209a
     [w] hou-hou. [p] houhou. [k] huhu. [j] koko. To snore (while
Radical 210  ま


   [w] ch'i. [p] qi. [k] cha, che, chae. [j] sei. (1) To adjust, to line
   up, to straighten up, to put in line, to put in order, to regulate; to
   equalize. (2) Even, regular, uniform, orderly. Alike, equal, similar,
   the same. (3) Exact, right, correct. (4) Be careful, prudent. (5) In
   the Classics, this ideograph is often used interchangeably with ま,
   especially when referring to the religious meanings of fasting,
   worship and purification, etc. (6) The lower edge of a mourning
   garment. (7) The great ancient feudal state which occupied NE Shantung
   and part of Chihli provinces. (8) To limit. To be limited, delimit,
   distinguish, divide.
   ま眉 [w] ch'i-mei. [p] qimei. [k] chaemi. [j] seibi. To offer food by
   lifting it to the level of the eyebrows.
   ま肩 [w] ch'i-ch'ien. [p] qijian. [k] chekyon. [j] seiken. (1) To line
   up one's shoulders; rub shoulders with; arrive to the same level. (2)
   A short-sleeved garment.

   [w] chai, tzu. [p] zhai, zi. [k] chae, cha. [j] sai, shi. (1) [zhai,
   chae, sai] Abstention from food and drink as ritual purification; esp.
   for mourning purposes. (2) To restrain oneself; to fast, cleanse,
   purify. (3) A room; a house. (4) A study-room. (5) A monk's meal;
   pre-lunch, lunch. (6) [zi, cha, shi] Funeral clothes.
Radical 211  ま

ま (齒)

   [w] ch'ih. [p] chi. [k] ch'i. [j] shi. (1) Tooth, teeth; the upper
   incisors; tooth-shaped. (2) Weak, aged. To weaken, to age. (3) To
   classify, to arrange. (4) To record. (5) Number, to number. (6) To
   bump into.
   ま錄 [w] ch'ih-lu. [p] chilu. [k] ch'irok. [j] shiroku. (1) To record;
   to collect. (2) The registration of one's personal background after
   his passing of an examination.
Radical 212  龍

龍 ()

   [w] long. [p] long. [k] ryong, yong. [j] ryu. (1) The Dragon. (2) An
   outstanding personage, a heroic character. (3) The emperor.

   [w] k'an. [p] kan. [k] kam. [j] kan, gan. (1) Niche or alcove for a
   (Buddhist) image. (2) The stupa of a monastery. (3) A small room
   beneath a stupa. (4) To win, be victorious.
Radical 213  ま

ま (龜)

   [w] kuei. [p] gui. [k] kwi. [j] ki, kin. Turtle, tortoise.
   ま手 [w] kuei-shou. [p] guishou. [k] kwisu. [j] kishu. Chapped hands.
   ま鑑 [w] kuei-ch'ien. [p] guijian. [k] kwigam. [j] kikan. Model,
Radical 214   ま


   [w] yueh. [p] yue. [k] yak. [j] yaku. A three or six-hole flute.
Fri Mar 29 16:39:40 1996
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